How GCCs in India are Slated to Play an Important Role in Reshaping the Legal Landscape


In this dynamic and interconnected global economy, businesses must continuously innovate and adapt to maintain a competitive edge, as an aftermath of which Global Capability Centers (GCCs) in India have emerged as vital components of multinational corporations, transitioning from support roles to becoming innovation hubs. A less discussed yet crucial aspect of this transformation is their growing influence on the legal landscape. By leveraging India’s rich talent pool, cost advantages, and robust digital ecosystem, GCCs are poised to reshape legal services and compliance on a global scale.

The Rise of GCCs in India

India hosts over 1,580 GCCs, employing approximately 1.6 million professionals. These centers have shifted from performing routine back-office tasks to driving core business functions, including legal services. The $40 billion Indian GCC industry now handles sophisticated tasks that were previously outsourced to third-party vendors, offering companies greater control and integration​​​. (EY US)

India’s GCCs are not just support units but are becoming critical to our global strategy, including legal operations,” says Sunil Gopinath, CEO of Rakuten India.​ (Business Today)

Legal Services Transformation

The cost advantages of operating in India allow GCCs to manage extensive legal operations at a fraction of the cost in Western countries. With Indian AI engineers and legal experts costing significantly less than their counterparts in the US or Europe, companies can allocate more resources to innovation and strategic legal initiatives.

GCCs are integrating new age technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) to enhance legal services. These technologies facilitate efficient contract management, compliance monitoring, and predictive analytics for litigation risks. By automating routine tasks, legal teams can focus on more complex issues requiring human expertise.

Case Study

Lowe’s India GCC developed a self-checkout system, significantly improving operational efficiency and reducing costs. Similar technological innovations are being applied to legal processes, streamlining operations and ensuring compliance.

GCCs in India are increasingly involved in global regulatory compliance, ensuring that multinational corporations adhere to diverse legal standards across jurisdictions. This includes managing data protection laws, intellectual property rights, and corporate governance standards.

India’s digital ecosystem is a goldmine for talent, especially in legal tech, which helps us manage global compliance effectively,” says Ankur Mittal, Senior Vice President-Technology & MD of Lowe’s India​.

Strategic Role in Legal Operations

GCCs serve as centralized hubs for legal operations, providing consistency and standardization across multinational enterprises. This centralization allows for better coordination and more effective management of legal resources.

By fostering a culture of innovation, GCCs are transforming traditional legal processes. For instance, the use of blockchain for contract management and secure transactions is being pioneered in Indian GCCs, providing transparency and reducing the risk of fraud.

KPMG’s GCC in India is leading the way in legal tech innovations, which are critical for our global operations,” remarks a senior executive at KPMG.

Impact on the Legal Landscape

The involvement of GCCs in legal services is enhancing the overall capabilities of legal departments within multinational corporations. By adopting best practices and leveraging cutting-edge technologies, GCCs are setting new standards for efficiency and effectiveness.

India’s GCCs are not only utilizing existing talent but also investing in developing future leaders in the legal domain. This includes training programs, collaborations with educational institutions, and fostering a culture of continuous learning and development.

GCCs have significantly reduced operational costs for multinational corporations by streamlining legal processes and optimizing resource allocation. This has resulted in cost savings of up to 30% for legal services, allowing companies to reallocate funds to other strategic initiatives.

GCCs are at the forefront of adopting legal technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and blockchain. These technologies enhance the accuracy and speed of legal research, contract management, and compliance monitoring. For example, AI-driven contract analysis tools have reduced review times by 50%, allowing legal teams to focus on more strategic tasks.

GCCs play a crucial role in strengthening risk management and compliance frameworks within multinational corporations. By standardizing compliance procedures and leveraging advanced analytics, GCCs help companies proactively identify and mitigate legal risks. This has led to a 20% reduction in compliance-related incidents over the past five years.

GCCs facilitate global collaboration and knowledge sharing across different legal teams within a corporation. This interconnectedness ensures that best practices and innovative solutions are disseminated quickly and effectively. The establishment of centralized legal knowledge hubs has improved response times and decision-making processes by 40%.

GCCs in India are increasingly influencing regulatory and policy developments. Through active participation in industry forums and collaborations with regulatory bodies, GCCs are helping shape legal frameworks that support business growth and innovation. This proactive approach has led to more favorable regulatory environments for their parent companies.

GCCs provide scalability and flexibility in legal operations, enabling companies to quickly adapt to changing market conditions and regulatory landscapes. This agility is particularly valuable during mergers and acquisitions, where legal due diligence and integration processes are critical. GCCs have facilitated faster M&A transactions, reducing the average completion time by 25%.

GCCs in India are increasingly influencing regulatory and policy developments. Through active participation in industry forums and collaborations with regulatory bodies, GCCs are helping shape legal frameworks that support business growth and innovation. This proactive approach has led to more favorable regulatory environments for their parent companies.

GCCs have improved client service delivery by implementing client-centric approaches and enhancing communication channels. This has resulted in higher client satisfaction rates, with many corporations reporting a 10% increase in positive client feedback regarding their legal services.


India’s GCCs have seen a 4X increase in global leadership roles from 2015 to 2023, highlighting their growing importance in strategic functions, including legal operations​. (Zinnov).

Maintaining “World Class Standards in all our pursuits and Made in India Operations” is an exemplary long-term strategy that any business either product or service based should incorporate at the earliest.” says Alouk Kumar, CEO of the conglomerate Inductus Group & author of the book ‘Advantage India’.


Global Capability Centers in India are playing an increasingly pivotal role in reshaping the legal landscape for multinational corporations. By leveraging cost efficiencies, technological advancements, and a rich talent pool, these centers are transforming legal services, ensuring regulatory compliance, and driving innovation. As GCCs continue to evolve, their influence on global legal operations will undoubtedly expand, setting new benchmarks for the industry.

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